Lawrence's Sister City - Eutin
Eutin (pronounced oy-teen), located east of Hamburg, between Lubeck and Kiel in northern Germany, was founded as a colonial settlement in 1143. Thanks to its geographical position, Eutin offered a maximum of safety and thus developed so quickly that it acquired the status of a town in 1257.
"Der Kurort im Herzen der
"The Health Resort in the
Heart of Holstein's Switzerland!"
At the beginning of the fourteenth century, the bishop of the diocese of Luebeck transferred his residence from Luebeck to Eutin. In 1803 the Lutheran diocese was secularized.
The history of the palace of Eutin goes back to the Middle Ages. After many transformations it became a museum that contains an impressive collection of relics of courtly culture. Because the ruling family in Eutin, represented by the duke of Holstein-Gottorp, was related to the royal family of Russia, the museum has treasures of international significance. The most famous member of this family was Catherine the Great. The museum brings to life this exciting era of Eutin's history.
Until 1937 Eutin was the governmental seat for the Luebeck area of Oldenburg. Today it is the administrative seat of the county of East Holstein.
In the latter part of the eighteenth and first part of the nineteenth centuries Eutin enjoyed the cultural heyday that led to its reputation as the "Weimar of the North." Intellectual life in the city was dominated by such personalities as the authors Johann Heinrich Voss and Eriedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, and the artist Johann Tischbein.
The Ostholstein Museum also features works by Lawrence artists Albert Bloch, Robert Green, and Robert Sudlow.
The community—in which the composer Carl Maria von Weber was born—is proud of its long musical tradition. The music scene is dominated by the annual Eutin Summer Festival, which is dedicated mainly to open-air romantic-opera productions against the magnificent natural background of the palace gardens.
During the twenty-six years in which the festival has been held, more than 530,000 visitors have come to see these performances. In the summer there arc also musical evenings and concerts. In the winter the arts association arranges a series of theatrical productions and concerts.
The palace gardens, which are styled in the English tradition and still contain elements of the original Baroque park, are of considerable historical value.
Because of its surroundings and its proximity to the Baltic coast, Kiel, Luebeck and Copenhagen, the town is particularly attractive to tourists.
Along with concerts, dances, and other forms of entertainment, Eutin has parks and gardens, a spa, and a large indoor swimming pool.
Approximately 30,000 visitors come to Eutin every year. About 10,000 of these visitors are Danes who have grown to appreciatethe attractive features of this city. Like Lawrence, Eutin boasts a number of hills in a landscape that is otherwise flat; for this reason the Eutin area has earned the name "Holstein's Switzerland."
Eutin is surrounded by a number of lakes, which provide opportunities for recreation. Hiking and biking paths around the lakes are abundant and attractive a modern purification helps keep the lakes clean and pure.
Convenient and swift modes of transportation are available to and from Eutin, which is situated about half way between the cities of Luebeck (22 miles) and Kiel (28 miles) on Federal Highway 76. Just outside the city this road joins Federal Highway 207, which is also known as Europe Road 4 and is of vital importance for traffic to and from the Scandinavian countries. The ferries from Puttgarden to Roedby and from Travemuende to many Scandinavian ports are within easy reach of Eutin. The train connection is excellent; Eutin is one of the stops on the Kiel-Luebeck express route.